Stars & Stripes Michigan ECPE Revised Student's Book (International) [Virginia Evans, Jenny Dooley] on blusunihungan.ga *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Stars & Stripes for the Michigan ECPE Student's Book [Virginia Evans, Jenny Dooley] on blusunihungan.ga *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Stars & Stripes Michigan ECPE is intended for advanced learners sitting for the ECPE Michigan Exams. Key Features: Authentic theme-based reading.
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Stars & Stripes for the Michigan ECPE - Teacher's Book (with DigiBook app). Stars & Stripes for the Michigan ECPE - Student's Book (with DigiBook app). New Stars & Stripes for the Michigan ECCE - Student's Book (with Digibooks App ). Contact your local distributor. Level: Upper Intermediate. CEF Level: B2. ISBN. New Stars & Stripes for the Michigan ECCE Book is intended for Upper- Intermediate learners taking the ECCE Michigan exam. The course follows the principles.
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site Rapids Fun stories for kids on the go. site Restaurants Food delivery from local restaurants. There are certain advantages to GM foods. One argument in their favor is that GM crops are altered to withstand disease and pests, while offering improved flavor, better quality, and longer shelf life. Thus, more crops can be grown and more nutrients are added allowing healthier products to reach the public. Secondly, their stronger resistance means that fewer chemicals and pesticides are needed.
Needless to say, fewer chemicals means not as many toxins will enter local water supplies. However, there are also many drawbacks to GM foods. Opponents argue that not enough research has been conducted on the safety of these products. For example, they claim that there are no guarantees that GM foods are safe for the human body. It is feared that eating GM products will alter the genetic makeup of man. It is also argued that GM crops may threaten biodiversity by decreasing the richness and variety of food.
For instance, some argue that by tampering with nature all organisms might lose their original values which might result in the loss of certain flora and fauna. In conclusion, I believe that although advances in modern science are surpassing our wildest dreams, new products should be strictly screened for safety. We need to be aware of any of the potentially harmful consequences before allowing a genetically modified crop into the food chain. Writing Which sentence s: To list arguments for or against The cost of growing crops is rising, If for Read the table below.
It is widely that To add more points: To contrast: They have a positive effect on the quality of the air we breathe. Biologically, Madagascar is one of the richest areas on Earth.
Rapid deforestation is destroying much of its natural habitat. Experts are convinced that deforestation is devastating to the environment. Logging can provide important economic benefits to the local people.
That is to say, In other words, This means that To give reasons: The reason for this is, One reason is To make a partially correct statement: It may begin with an objective statement or more interestingly: The conclusion should present your direct or indirect opinion. It is here that you can use opinion words such as: The paragraph can then be finished off with a balanced consideration of the topic. To make your conclusion more interesting to the reader you can: Formal Language Argumentative essays are written in formal style.
Formal language is characterized by: Which one would you expect to read in a for and against essay? One point in favor of recycling is that it aids in reducing the demand for limited resources such as paper and aluminum products. In fact, these materials can be easily reused to make other containers and packaging materials. Naturally, this will lessen the need to cut down more trees or dig deeper into the Earth to extract more metal.
Match the quotations A -D to the topics 1- 4. Suburbia is where the developer bulldozes out the trees, then names the streets after them. Bill Vaughn Theres so much pollution in the air now that if it werent for our lungs, thered be no place to put it all. Robert Orben We never know the worth of water until the well is dry. Thomas Fuller If we are what we eat, with genetically modified foods, what does that make us?
Anonymous 1 The government should place restrictions on how much water we use on a daily basis. What are the arguments for and against? Supermarkets should only be allowed to sell organic produce. What are the benefits and drawbacks? City developers should focus on building residential high-rises rather than expanding neighborhoods into natural habitats. What are the advantages and disadvantages? The government should shut down factories that heavily pollute the atmosphere.
B A good thing about recycling is how wed be using less paper and metal to make new things. For starters, the stuff we use to make things such as containers and boxes can be used over and over again to make new containers. So, Id say that if wed just recycle more, the need to get new materials would go down, and the materials we have already would last longer. Find examples of short forms, colloquial expressions, colloquial phrasal verbs, simplistic vocabulary, and simple linking words.
You may need to change the word order. Compare your paragraph with your partners. Well, many claim that the costs of recycling are larger than the benefits.
Id say that recycling reduces our demand for paper and metal resources, but really, it is sometimes cheaper to process new wood and metal stuff than it is to recycle them the way we do it now. Recycling is sort of costing us more money than it is saving our resources.
Read the main body of the for and against essay below on the topic: Discuss the view that wind farms are eyesores and disturb nature. Then, read the introductions and conclusions and say which of the techniques has been used for each one. Replace the bold-type words or phrases in the main body with ones similar in meaning.
What would the world be like if its open spaces were covered in giant wind turbines? Power companies are increasingly turning to wind farms to generate clean energy.
As a result, the construction of these farms threatens areas that are cherished for their natural beauty. The Greek philosopher Zeno once said, The goal of life is living in agreement with nature.
In the attempt to create cleaner energy, man has developed wind farms. However, it is questionable that nature would agree with the noise and unsightliness of this new technology. Imagine going on vacation to the countryside and gazing at endless rows of wind turbines. The switch to cleaner energy sources such as wind power is occurring at a rapid pace.
Nevertheless, there is some controversy regarding the construction of wind turbines which threaten to deface a part of nature that so many people enjoy. The creation of wind farms offers certain advantages. That is to say, wind farms do not use raw materials, such as coal, oil, or natural gas, to create energy.
It does not add pollutants to the atmosphere, as is the case with burning fossil fuels. First, wind farms are ugly and will transform a lovely mountainside into a mass of propeller blades.
Wind farms must be built in wide, open spaces which leaves fewer places for city dwellers to escape the concrete landscape of the city. A To conclude, I believe that wind farms could provide valuable clean energy, but we must be careful not to ruin nature in the process.
As poet and novelist Linda Hogan once said, There is a way that nature speaks, that land speaks. Most of the time we are simply not patient enough, quiet enough, to pay attention to the story.
B To sum up, in my opinion, wind farms are an important source of clean, renewable energy, but power companies must not be allowed to build them wherever they want. All things considered, power companies, governments, and local communities should work together to find the best locations for wind farms.
C In conclusion, while it is necessary for us to switch our energy sources to clean, renewable ones, in my opinion we must find a way to preserve our natural environment as well.
After all, how can we enjoy nature when there is little of it left to enjoy? I Topic Recently the Kenyan government has made a decision to heavily promote ecotourism in a beautiful wildlife area in the country. What are the arguments for and against ecotourism? Discuss and justify your arguments. Arguments 1 The local people benefit from ecotourism.
Tourists can damage the areas ecotourism wants to protect. Developing Supportive Main Body Paragraphs For and Against Arguments and Justifications The points used to argue for or against along with their justifications, examples, or reasons are presented in separate main body paragraphs. Remember to use linkers that help the reader follow your points. You can formulate your arguments in the following way: Once you have formulated the points to be discussed, you can then decide on how to provide the justification.
You can do this in a variety of ways. See example below. One argument in favor of recycling is that even though the costs of. Use examples.
Consider the arguments for by Consider the arguments against by asking yourself: In what way asking yourself: In what way is is this bad?
List the reasons why it is good. List the reasons why it is bad. Choose the two best Choose the two best arguments. Now listen to part of a report on ecotourism and fill in the justifications that are used for each argument. How far do they agree with yours? Should the production of biofuels be increased? Match each argument with its corresponding justification.
Arguments 1 2 3 4 One benefit of switching to biofuels is that they are plant-based. Producing biofuels might require the use of more energy than ever before.
A large number of forest areas would have to be cleared. Biofuels emit less pollution into the atmosphere.
Justifications a Indeed, they do not contribute to global warming. Start each paragraph with a topic sentence. Use the techniques shown in the theory boxes on p. What are the justifications for your arguments? Make a list. Which are the best justifications to support your arguments? Which useful expressions and linkers can you use to help your essay flow? Which techniques will you use to introduce and to conclude your essay? Does your introduction reflect the body of the essay?
Does your conclusion present your opinion? Exchange your essay with a partner. Check each others piece of writing, using the following checklist. Topic A In the fight against global warming, some governments are choosing to tax and fine their citizens for their carbon emissions. What are the advantages and disadvantages of placing responsibility on citizens alone? Discuss, giving examples. Is formal language used? Is there a balanced presentation of the for and against arguments?
Are a variety of justification techniques used? Are topic sentences used to introduce the main body paragraphs? Is the topic stated clearly and objectively in the introduction? Does the paragraph containing arguments for include two arguments? Is each argument supported by a justification? Does the paragraph containing arguments against include two arguments? Topic B City Hall has proposed a law be passed that forces all downtown buildings to create green rooftops.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of building gardens on rooftops? Discuss and give examples. Which two arguments will you use to argue for and which to argue against the issue? In what order will you place them in the paragraph? The course follows the principles of CEF level C2. Key Features authentic theme-based reading texts, followed by exam-type tasks lexical exercises practicing and activating vocabulary, as well as collocations, prepositions, and phrasal verbs a variety of listening and speaking tasks reinforcing skills needed for the exam grammar sections covering major grammatical areas, plus a Grammar Reference section Exam Practice sections, serving to practice vocabulary, grammar, reading, speaking, and listening throughout the book detailed composition analysis and models for all types of writing tasks set for the ECPE exam Components Students Book Teachers Book overprinted Skills Builder Skills Builder Teachers Book overprinted Class Audio CDs.
Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Teacher's book. Hellenic American Ecpe Teachers Guide-winter Jump to Page. Search inside document. In three minutes write about: Verb Tenses Grammar Appendix pp. Grammar Subject - Object Pronouns er! Rememb Grammar Appendix p. D C Try to determine the correct grammatical structure thats being tested before deciding on your answer.
Review Choose the correct answer. Clothes jeans, pants, shorts, slacks; Tools shears, tweezers, scissors, pliers; Accessories gloves, sunglasses; Other means, thanks, police 4 Circle the subject of the sentences which the missing verb must agree with.
We cannot assume he will be wearing a tie. Listening 1c Listen carefully to the questions. In what ways Think! Segment 1 Write notes here 1 What is significant in balancing world climate? Segment 3 Write notes here 11 According to the article, which social network offers privacy settings? Plants take in CO2 Fires release carbon 1 Less carbon absorbed Reading Read the passage below, and answer the questions. Rememb Grammar 2 This car is three times Expressing Similarity er!
Rememb Comparisons Grammar Appendix pp. Model Interview Listen to two candidates doing Stage 2 and answer the questions. STAGE 5 Defending a decision minutes In pairs, take turns taking on the role of the mayor and express concerns about the chosen proposal while your partner defends the decision. What I am trying to say is that Model Interview In fact, Listen to two candidates and an examiner doing Stage 5 and answer the questions.
Hydropower 1 What is the primary purpose of this text? The reality of the situation is that Circle the correct answer. FOR unsure about safety of products labeling products is misleading because the initial modifying chemicals are not listed GM crops may threaten biodiversity by decreasing richness and variety of food it is morally wrong to tamper with nature Introduction Para 1 a quotation, reference, or question that catches the readers attention clear presentation of topic without stating your opinion quotation question AGAINST Read the model essay.
Are any of the arguments you chose in Ex. Then, answer the questions Replace them with other appropriate ones. FOR c Now listen to part of a report on ecotourism and fill in the justifications that are used for each argument. What does the topic ask you to write about? Writing Writing 4 5 6 11 Read the following essay topics and answer the questions.
Key Features authentic theme-based reading texts, followed by exam-type tasks lexical exercises practicing and activating vocabulary, as well as collocations, prepositions, and phrasal verbs a variety of listening and speaking tasks reinforcing skills needed for the exam grammar sections covering major grammatical areas, plus a Grammar Reference section Exam Practice sections, serving to practice vocabulary, grammar, reading, speaking, and listening throughout the book detailed composition analysis and models for all types of writing tasks set for the ECPE exam Components Students Book Teachers Book overprinted Skills Builder Skills Builder Teachers Book overprinted Class Audio CDs Liberty House, Greenham Business Park, Newbury, Berkshire RG19 6HW Tel.: Related Interests Weather Conservation Nature.
Maria Theros. Zoi Plessa. ELC School. Georgia Fragiadaki. Maria Bimba Tsoumani. Eva Rodriguez. Lina Paola Arrieta Padilla. Marian Marian.
Inma SA. Max Martinez. More From Georgia Fragiadaki. Danke Lieber Gast. Korfiati Katerina. Kaisar Hassan. Popular in Drought. Ashish Juneja. Woman: What does the invitation to the party say? Man: The invitation says there is a dress code. Woman: So, what will you wear? We cannot assume he will be wearing a tie. In this part, you will hear short conversations.
From the three answer choices given, choose the answer which means about the same thing as what you hear, or that is true based upon what you hear. For example, listen to the conversation: Example: a She believes the Arctic only has ice and snow. The correct answer is c. Please listen carefully to conversations 1 through You will hear each conversation only once.
From the three answer choices given, choose the one which best answers the question. For example, listen to the question: Example: a Primarily, healthcare is affected. Please listen carefully to questions 16 through You will hear the questions only once.
Listening 1c Listen carefully to the questions. If you are still uncertain, use your instinct and choose the response you would naturally make. Dont leave any questions unanswered. Who would have believed something like that a hundred years ago? I bought one yesterday. But hopefully they will be, one day.
I saw the fire; it was blazing. I just signed up for it. In what ways Think! T hink!