" no Indian should miss this novel, which Premchand wrote with tears." --The Nagpur Times " the true and vivid picture of India." --The Hindustan Standard. You are about to download Godan by Premchand Hindi book pdf for free – Don't forget to like us on facebook & share with your friends to keep us motivated to. Godan is a Hindi novel by Munshi Premchand, translated into English as The Gift of a Cow. It was first published in and is considered one of the greatest.
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godan pdf godan pdf godan pdf godan pdf godan pdf godan pdf godan pdf godan pdf godan pdf godan pdf. Premchand's novel Godan. You need Google Play Books for opening EPUB file on your mobile. Download Free PDF Download Free EPUB for mobile. Godaan By Premchand in Hindi Godaan (गोदान) The Gift of a Cow is a Hindi novel by Munshi Premchand. It was first published in and is considered one .
Yale J. Thomas Jandl From the Reviews: "Godaan should be required reading for all those charged with designing development programs in communities where traditional cultures still hold sway. On occasion, we may come to the conclusion that the key question is not how traditional culture can be preserved for the sake of a better life of the poor, but how it can best be overcome for the very same purpose.
Similarly the illustrative quotes chosen here are merely those the complete review subjectively believes represent the tenor and judgment of the review as a whole.
We acknowledge and remind and warn you that they may, in fact, be entirely unrepresentative of the actual reviews by any other measure.
The novel follows the stories of many characters, but the central one is Hori Ram, who lives with his family in the small village of Belari.
Hori is a poor farmer, a decent soul but, like practically all the other villagers, deeply indebted and trapped in a vicious circle of inescapable, ever-increasing debt. Hori believes in the order of the day, which also means putting the welfare of the local zamindar landowner Rai Sahib Amarpal Singh ahead of that of his family.
Hori's wife, Dhaniya, is more practical, preventing some of Hori's worst excesses -- but not all of them. The title of the novel -- Godaan in the original -- refers to, as the glossary explains, "the gift of a cow made by a pious Hindus to a brahman at the time of death", but while Hori's longing for a cow to call his own plays a role in parts of the book this -- and the hope he will have one to give at his death -- isn't an overwhelming part of the plot.
Instead, Premchand offers a far broader tapestry. Aside from Hori's family, several other characters' lives and fates are closely followed, and the book also shifts back and forth from country life Hori's village to that in the city.
Getting a cow is something Hori does dream of: It was his life's ambition, his greatest dream, since any ideas of living off bank interest, of downloading land or of building a mansion were too grandiose for his cramped mind to comprehend. In fact, however, the book begins with his dream being fulfilled -- but the perfidy of a ne'er-do-well brother means that this happiness lasts only a short while.
Among the consequences of his having accepted the cow, from a herdsman from a neighbouring village, Bhola, is that Hori's son Gobar falls head over heels in love with Bhola's widowed daughter, Jhuniya, and begins an affair with her. When she gets pregnant Gobar brings her to his family's home -- or almost does: he sends her ahead, then high-tails it to town where he will make some good money, but completely ignores his family for a year. Godaan was made into a Hindi film in , starring Rajkumar, Mehmood and Shashikala.
He downloadd, on debt of Rs. Premchand brought it out of the world of dreamland and fantasy and introduced it to the realities of contemporary life. This page was last edited on 22 October , at He, like Turgenev, was above all a realist and was chiefly interested in the living truth of the human race. Lal translation;  a translation by Gordon C.
Three selections of Premchand's short stories are also available in English: There was no short story in Urdu before Premchand. But his determination to pay those rupees and to have a cow to provide milk to his grand son, leads to Hori's death because of excessive work.
Jhunia admits her predicament to Dhania, Hori's wife. Though Premchand had a tendency toward idealization, this novel is realistic, controlled in form and disillusioned in spirit. The story starts from a point where Hori has a deep desire of having a cow as other millions of poor peasants.
The novel, though known, was based on the romances and adventures of medieval patriarchs. Premchand is universally considered one of the greatest writers of modern India. He showed a deep sympathy for the masses in their misery and poverty, for the saw beneath their squalor a certain dignity and worth and regard for humanity.
The princes and fairies gave way to ordinary men and women engaged in the struggle for existence. Retrieved from " https: The village Panchayat fines Hori as his wife tackles the personal attack of the Pandit on them for sheltering Jhunia. The excerpt, included here is about a clandestine affair which Gobar, Hori's son, had with Jhunia, Bhola's daughter. Hori as well can be taken as a symbol of Premchand's own life. English Summary of Gaodan Premchand is universally considered one of the greatest writers of modern India.
It has a different meaning to each character. Instead he used common core Hindustani, the speech of millions in upper India, and a medium particularly suited to his themes. The act of donating a cow in charity , or Godaan , is considered to be an important Hindu ritual, as it helps in absolving one of sin, and incurring divine blessings.
He depicted with stark realism the tragedy and pathos of rural India. Many other stories of Premchand were translated into English and have appeared from time to tome in various Indian and foreign newspapers and magazines, for which reference should be made to "A Bibliography of Premchand" by Carlo Coppola, Mahfil, vol.
Hori tried to cheat his brothers for 10 rupees. Views Read Edit View history. Three estimates of Premchand exist in English, Munshi Premchand: Godan, generally considered Premchand's masterpiece, is a story of peasant India.
He wanted to marry his daughter off to a rich zamindar to again win in the election and claim the property of his in-laws. Thus, he married his daughter off to another rich, widower and rake zamindar. He claimed and won the zamindari of his in-laws. He won the election and became the municipal minister. But when he planned to get his son married to the daughter of Raja Suryankant for his family's prestige, his son refused that.
He is in love with Saroj, the younger sister of Malati Devi. They both married and went away to London. His son claimed and won the entire property Rai Sahib won from in-laws leaving Rai Sahib in huge debt. His daughter got divorced. This eventually left Rai Sahib too dissatisfied despite all his efforts.
Malati is a beautiful lady intelligent doctor who is educated in Europe. She is one of the three daughters of Mr. She is the centre of attraction in the parties and is flirtatious. Khanna flirts with her and she is envied and disliked by Govindi. Malati in turn falls in love with Mr. Mehta because of his ideology, his simplicity and intelligence.
On a trip to the village of Hori, she explores herself. She starts serving the poor and gets involved in many social activities. After seeing the change in Malati, Mr. Mehta falls in love with Malati.
But though Malati loves Mr. Mehta, she refuses his marriage proposal. She now wants to serve the poor and does not want to marry. Mehta and Malati keep serving the poor and needy people together. Malati Devi is the only character shown as contended at the end of the novel because of her commitment to charitable deeds. Mehta is a scholar and lectures philosophy in a college. He is also authoring a book on Philosophy which he dedicates to Malati. Malati and Govindi are two characters who are influenced by him.
Govindi finds solace talking to him as he appreciates her concept of womanhood. Malati loses her ego and understands the true meaning of life through him.
She learns to serve the poor. He needs the guidance of Malati as he has mismanaged his funds and income in over-generously serving the poor.
Though he is interested in marrying Malati, the two mutually agree to remain as friends under the same roof. Khanna is an industrialist and owns a sugar factory. Though married and father of three children, he disrespects his wife Govindi for her traditional values. He flirts with Malati. He is unable to recognize the virtues in his wife. Govindi is fed up of his behaviour and this goads her to leave home. He exploits the labour class. It is only when his sugar factory is destroyed in a fire accident and Govindi stands by him encouraging him to set it up once again, he realise his mistake.
Khanna eventually starts loving his wife. Govindi is Mr. Khanna's wife, the rich industrialist, and is epitomized as an ideal Hindu wife. She is virtuous and very tolerant with her husband and children. Unfortunately, Mr. He takes interest in Miss Malati and flirts with her.
Govindi is desperately dejected and decides to abandon him and his house. But it is Mr. Mehta, who has always been appreciative of her ideals, who advises her to return to the children. She is a moral support to her husband when his sugar factory gets destroyed in fire.
It is she who encourages him to set it up again. Themes[ edit ] The novel has several themes: Problems due to caste segregation: People of different vocation and their respective castes represent the village. Datadin, the Brahmin priest represents the uppermost caste; he exploits the lower caste villagers with his various religious sanctions. Hori [peasant], Bhola[cowherd], Seliya[a cobbler's daughter] represent the various hierarchies of lower castes in the caste system that existed in India.
Exploitation of the lower class: Premchand has drawn a realistic picture of the poor peasants exploited by the village zamindar and the greedy moneylenders.
The zamindars collected the revenue and imposed fine. Here, Rai Saheb fined Hori for the death of the cow, though he did not kill it.
The peasants are unable to pay the debts in time and it gets multiplied with the passage of time. They are caught in a debt trap and they suffer, like Hori, until their end.